This is also most apparent on juvenile trees. Needle palm, Porcupine palm, Hedgehog palm, Blue palmetto: Rhapidophyllum hystrix: Nikau palm, Shaving brush palm: Rhopalostylis sapida: Norfolk Island palm: Rhopalostylis baueri: O: Old man palm, Mat palm: Coccothrinax crinita: Overtop palm: Syagrus amara: P: Pacific beauty palm: Clinostigma savoryanum: Palmiste Rouge, Barbel Palm, Red palm: Acanthophoenix rubra I have a friend who runs a garden nursery in Norfolk, specialising in hardy exotics. Take for example the recent plantings in and around Queen Street in central Auckland. Flowering and fruiting is intermittent and irregular, so look out for ripe fruit any time this palm is encountered. About Nikau. More research is needed into its precise relationship with the mainland form. The nikau palm shows considerable variation in the wild. Two … Plants from the South Island and the offshore islands of the North Island have larger, more-gracefully-arching fronds and are popular in cultivation. It’s a palm that prefers mild, damp (even wet) locations with protection from the sun. At Tawapou these are the only three varieties of Nikau that we grow. Suitable for pots. The pots should be tall and narrow to provide room for the taproot and to lessen the likelihood of root damage when transplanting. Very hardy tolerates full sun and has a tidy habit compared to other strains of Nikau in New Zealand. This Nikau has that classic iconic NZ look with distinctive upright stiff fronds and the American term "shaving brush" or "feather duster" palm is a very appropriate description for the form of this Nikau. Rhopalostylis baueri is a species of palm native to Norfolk Island (Australia) and to the Kermadec Islands (New Zealand). Nikau is found in the warmer forests of New Zealand as far south as Westland and Banks Peninsula. It’s a big thing over there now—tropical-looking plants which can survive Britain’s cold, wet, dark winters. The New Zealand Nikau palm is very similar to Rhopalostylis baueri of the Kermadecs and Norfolk Island, which can be distinguished by its more rounded or oval fruits, and by its leaflets which are broader than those found in most populations of R. sapida. cheesemanii). Despite New Zealand’s mild climate frosts are an ever-present winter risk in many parts of the country. Palm Varieties Bangalow palm or seaforthia (Archontophoenix cunninghamiana) Fast growing and decorative feather palm. Norfolk Island is the type locality. We have a large range of sizes of NZ Nikau, Chinese Windmill Palms,Dwarf Palmetto Palms, King Ferns, Astelia Silver Spear, Kauri, Wine Palms, Queen Palms, and Bangalow Palms. To 6m, 3m canopy. At Tawapou these are the only three varieties of Nikau that we grow. Nikau palms are becoming increasingly popular as landscaping specimens. Once the main root has been established to a fairly shallow depth of about 400 mm, its roots take on form consistent with other palms. A Nikau which is rapidly becoming more popular in NZ landscaping. They are dark green, handsome, and enable it to grow to … The Rhopalstylis is a genus containing just two species of palm including the most southerly palm the Chatham Island Nikau and the other confined to Norfolk Island with a variety on the Kermadec Islands. More research is needed into its precise relationship with the mainland form. It tends to be slow-growing. Out her kitchen window, Barb Davies watches a battle for life as her nikau palm trees brave the weather. Visit us today for the widest range of Plants products. The plant in the sun has a fully formed trunk over a metre high and has been flowering for a number of years, whereas the palm in the shade has not yet produced a trunk nor has it flowered. The bases of the inner leaves and the young flower clusters were eaten raw or cooked. R. sapida - R. sapida is a slow-growing, tender palm with a single, unbranched, stout trunk bearing a tuft of pinnate, dark green leaves divided into linear segments. • They are slow-growing, taking about 100 years to reach a maximum height of 10-15m. Place your curser over the images to reveal the Latin names. We were fortunate to have an extended summer while in lockdown. History & Culture In the early Miocene (around 23 million years ago) New Zealand had a much warmer climate and contained distinctive tropical elements in its flora. • Kentia Palm ( Howea forsteriana): an indoor favourite, but can do well in outdoor containers. Low drought tolerance. The nikau makes an excellent potted plant, and is quite hardy. Dwarf Palmetto Palm Sabal minor (Uncommon) Successful transplanting is possible, but nikau is very fickle if any trunk is present. The New Zealand nikau palm is very similar to Rhopalostylis baueri of the Kermadecs and Norfolk Island, which can be distinguished by its more rounded or oval fruits, and by its leaflets which are broader than those found in most populations of R. sapida. [2], The nikau grows up to 15 m tall, with a stout, green trunk which bears grey-green leaf scars. • Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei): extremely hardy in cold. From a central trunk it produces large and broad fronds with a gentle arch. Check out our range of Palms products at your local Bunnings Warehouse. These are a preferred food of the kererÅ« (native pigeon). Delays should be avoided in getting the nikau into its new ground, and substantial die-back of all but the central spike can be expected. As a result of glaciation and cooling, these… Palm trees (Arecaceae spp.) Transplanting juveniles is generally successful if the main root is left intact. Male flowers are borne in pairs, and have six stamens. The seed will then germinate readily if placed in sealed plastic bags in partial shade, after which they can be planted in deep pots. The central bud is edible and was eaten by both early Maori and Europeans. A stunningly attractive option for the coast, it fits into a contemporary landscape design with ease. Food was wrapped in the leaves for cooking, and the old fibrous leaves were used for baskets, floor mats, and waterproof thatch for buildings. Nikau Palm.jpg 993 × 660; 212 KB Nikau Palme 01.jpg 477 × 1,024; 334 KB Nikau palms along stream at Scotts Beach in Kahurangi National Park.jpg 3,264 × 4,896; 7.05 MB Great privacy palm with large spanning leaves creating a barrier. The inflorescence is multibranched and from 200 to 400 mm long. First class selection of the right varieties will be the key to this plant's continuing popularity. In New Zealand the name 'Kermadec nikau' is used to refer to the Kermadec Islands population. Nikau are already extremely popular overseas particularly on the western seaboard of the United States where they arrived over one hundred and fifty years ago with the shipments of our Kauri timber. We view the two trees from our kitchen window and marvel every day at the lives that the trees host. Plants from the South Island and the offshore islands of the North Island have larger, more-gracefully-arching fronds and are popular in cultivation. • Nikau need a frost-free position that is preferably damp and do best in a subtropical climate. It grows readily from seed if the fruit is soaked in water for a few days and then gently scrubbed to remove the flesh. [citation needed]. 606 Matapouri Rd RD 3 Whangarei 0173 New Zealand Telephone: +64 9 4343 971, The Poor Knights Lily, Xeronema callistemon, Website by Jam Digital Ltd - Whangarei Web Designers. They are best planted in rich fertile soil, in a sheltered north facing location. There is a Rhopalostylis bauer which is on the notable tree list 2002 beside the Cricket Pavilion at Pukekura Park. It prefers damp shady spots but will do well in exposed sites as well, particularly along the coast. The nÄ«kau palm is unique to New Zealand and it primarily occurs in coastal to lowland forest in warmer regions. have distinct foliage that makes them attractive indoor and outdoor plants. It is a far more tropical looking palm compared to the NZ Nikau having larger, wider fronds and slightly lime green in colour and much larger more open flower heads. Overall mature height is also quite similar, thirty feet being an exceptionally old tree. Regular watering, keep soil moist and well mulched. Found mostly in coastal lowland and hilly forests throughout the north island except the central plateau. The Cascade Palm is a low growing, clumping, small palm that’s unlikely to ever grow taller than around four-foot-tall in most locations. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. The tightly packed flowers are unisexual and coloured lilac to pink. Broader leaved and with a more open crown than the shaving brush looking Chathams and mainland varieties. It also occurs on Chatham Island and Pitt Island/Rangiauria to the south-east of New Zealand, where it is the world's southernmost palm at 44° 18'S latitude. The Kermadec Islands Nikau (Rhopalostylis baueri var. The Chatham island Nikau differs from the main land species by having broader leaves and leaflets which start much further up the midrib of each frond leaving them quite bare at the base, this makes it quite distinctive, and as you would expect this Nikau would appear to be the most tolerant of exposed situations and has huge potential to retain its neatness in gardens and cities throughout NZ. One of the world’s most southern palms, also known as Chatham Island Nikau. I can see 4 different varieties of plants in just that small area. Ground watering is recommended because crown watering can induce terminal rot at the very slow-growing new spike. The Chatham Islands form is particularly different, having a distinct juvenile form and larger fruits, and a thicker covering of fine hairs on the fronds. The hardiest palm in the world is known as the needle palm (Rhapidophyllum Hystrix) and is able to handle temperatures below -18°C (0°F). We have a great comparison in our nursery garden of two of these palms planted at the same time, one in the sun and one in shade. [1], The nikau palm is the only palm species endemic to mainland New Zealand. •There is a brown or red-brown color to the proximal leaf stem on the Norfolk Island Palm (the Nikau is more gray). The nikau thrives on cool temperatures, but is not subject to freezing weather in its natural habitat. Many gardeners add palm trees to their landscaping to make their outdoor areas look like a tropical oasis. Dark green foliage, fast-growing after 1st year, fertilise twice a year for best results. To obtain the best effects it should be planted in a rich fertile soil, in a warm reasonably sheltered position, feet in the shade head in the sun. Friday Photography - The Exquisite Nikau Palm. I hope you are managing to keep it together as much a possible. Leaf color of the Norfolk Island Palm is green, similar to R. sapida. The dwarf palm (Chamaerops humilis) occurs in southern France, the Nikau (Rhopalostylis sapida) is a species of palm growing in New Zealand. Here are some suggestions of different types of palm trees for New Zealand gardens. They don’t like frost. How to grow Rhopalostylis sapida “Pitt Island” (Nikau) Commonly known as The Pitt Island Nikau, this is one of the hardier Nikau Palm varieties. NÄ«kau is a Māori word; in the closely related Eastern Polynesian languages of the tropical Pacific, it refers to the fronds or the midrib of the coconut palm. [2], Nikau images and artworks, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhopalostylis_sapida&oldid=994093337, IUCN Red List conservation dependent species, Use New Zealand English from February 2020, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 02:10. The nikau palm shows considerable variation in the wild. Submitted by janis b on Fri, 05/29/2020 - 6:15pm. Palms were common at this time, and even included species of Coconut – such as the small fruited Cocos zeylanica. Long, dense panicles of bowl-shaped to spherical, lilac, purple-pink, or cream flowers in summer and autumn are followed by red fruit. Its natural range is coastal and lowland forest on the North Island, and on the South Island as far south as Okarito (43°20′S) in the west and Banks Peninsula (43°5′S) in the east. These fabulous plantings will only further enhance these plants popularity. It does well in areas with a mild Mediterranean climate. The fronds are up to 3 m long, and the closely set, sometimes overlapping leaflets are up to 1 m long. It is best done in summer, but a substantial root ball should be preserved, and shade should be provided at the new location - at the very least by tying the outer fronds closer to the centre. PalmsOnline brings the largest range of palms, cycads and subtropicals available online to the NZ gardening public. This palm as its common name suggests is found only on Raoul Island in the Kermadec group. Medium heat, UV, cold and frost tolerance. Pair of older trees in Lotus Land, Santa Barbara, California. The Chatham Islands form is particularly different, having a distinct juvenile form and larger fruits, and a thicker covering of fine hairs on the fronds. • Sago Palm ( Cycas revoluta): a stunner, but very slow-growing. Māori found many uses for the nikau palm. Here are some illustrations of different types of palm trees from various habitats around the world, there are thirty individual palm tree pictures in all, and a couple of palm misnomers. The sweeping foliage provides shade, vertical landscape elements and color; some palm varieties feature berrylike seed-pod clusters. Its easily regogniced by its erect circular trunk which is ringed with evenly spaced scars from previous leaves. The growing tip of the palm was used by early settlers as a vegetable and is said to have tasted like a nut when raw and like an artichoke bottom when boiled. All Content © 2006 - 2020 Tawapou Coastal Natives It is much faster growing than the New Zealand nikau, Rhopalostylis sapida. First class selection of the right varieties will be the key to this plant's continuing popularity. During a visit to our nursery by perhaps NZ's foremost expert and author on native plants Lawrie Metcalf, he described the Nikau growing in our area as perhaps the most pathetic specimens in the country. The world’s most Southerly grown palm is our own Chatham Nikau. Although it will tolerate growing in the shade it will grow much better when it can head to full sunlight. • NZ Nikau Palm ( Rhopalostylis sapida): This is New Zealand’s native palm. It would appear that it is the off shore islands of the Kermadec, Great Barrier, and the Chatham's which offer forms with the most potential for the landscape gardens. Grows happily outdoors in Auckland and northwards and in other warm coastal locations protected from frost. The New Zealand nikau palm is very similar to Rhopalostylis baueri of the Kermadecs and The Kermadec Nikau originates 300kms north of New Zealand on the Kermadec Islands, most specifically on Raoul Island. Indeed, the New Zealand nikau palm, Rhopalostylis sapida, is the most southerly growing palm tree in the world. Evening everyone. This attractive palm, should be in every garden. Developing fruit on Nikau Palm on North Island of New Zealand, January 1991. The nikau produces flowers between November and April, and fruits ripen from February to November, taking almost a year to fully ripen. This palm as its common name suggests is found only on Raoul Island in the Kermadec group. It is found in the North Island and the northern South Island from the Marlborough Sounds and Nelson south to near Okarito in the west and Banks Peninsula (near Christchurch) in the east. The female flowers are solitary. The trunk is topped by a smooth, bulging crownshaft up to 1m long. PalmsOnline provides palm fanciers and home gardeners alike the ability to access varieties, grades and the range of palms and cycads you just won't find in garden centres. 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